Understanding communication from Oprah to Twitter

There’s a story about the ancient Greek statesman named Demosthenes who learned the art of public speaking by practicing with pebbles in his mouth. Learning how to effectively communicate has come a long way since 300 BC. Today, we need to know the best ways to communicate – not with pebbles in our mouths – but through a variety of technologically advanced mediums and involving various individuals, groups, contexts and audiences.

Eric “Duff” Wrobbel, an associate professor in the department of applied communication studies at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, explores how today’s communication can be made most effective.

“My roots are in rhetoric, the study of speaking and writing,” Wrobbel explained. “But the idea of applied communication reflects how the field has expanded and specialized.” He said that there are many different branches of communication that can be studied. For example, there are areas that focus only on health communication, political communication, or organizational communication.

Applied communication also examines how to communicate with different audiences and in different contexts.

“There is a difference in talking with one person instead of two,” Wrobbel said. “The dynamics and the rules are different. When you add a third person, then the rules change again.” Who is talking also makes a difference in how one communicates and the rules for communication.

“For example, a doctor talking to a patient has different rules than two friends talking while having coffee,” he said. Context also makes a difference. For example, the context will determine the inflection one might use when talking.

“The tone and inflection a person would use in saying ‘How are you doing?’ is different when greeting a friend in a hospital than when seeing the same person at a restaurant,” Wrobbel explained.

Wrobbel is particularly interested in how social media impacts communication. Social media, he said, has dramatically altered all of the normal factors and rules about communication.

“Just think. There are no non-verbal cues, like a smile or some other facial expression, no change in tone or inflection and no cues like breathing or speed of talking that help the listener interpret the meaning of the communication,” Wrobbel said about social media. “Instead, the communication is compressed and without all of those visual and sound factors that help us understand what is being said to us.” This is an important reason why people use emoticons (like smiley or frowny faces) with their social media communication, he added. And an obvious danger with social media, Wrobbel explained, is that you can’t edit your remarks.

“How many times have you sent an email that someone misunderstood because they couldn’t tell you were being sarcastic?” Wrobbel asked. Another example might be how one communicates through Facebook. “Someone might post a comment that their dog died, and someone else responds by saying they are sad. How do you respond? Do you click on the ‘Like’ button? Social Media changes the rules of communication. It makes communication faster, but one needs to be aware of the rules.”

If rules for communication vary by audience, medium, and context, then where does Oprah Winfrey, the well-known TV talk show host, fit? And how has she been so successful in reaching a large and varied audience?

“Rhetoric is the study of public discourse,” Wrobbel explained. This branch of applied communication looks at what makes a speech great, like Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, and what makes for a “great communicator,” like Ronald Reagan. For Wrobbel, people like Barbara Walters and Oprah Winfrey don’t get enough credit for being good communicators.

“Oprah is famous for getting guests to cry, but Barbara Walters is exceptional in listening to people and then asking them the probing questions to reveal information that they might not otherwise,” Wrobbel said. This kind of communication skill is exceptional, he added, in that it illustrates a number of important aspects of applied communication – audience, context and verbal and non-verbal cues.

Wrobbel came to SIUE in 1993 after earning a master’s degree from San Diego State and a Ph.D. from The University of Texas at Austin.

“I thought I might go into consulting,” he said, “but I fell in love with teaching.” And, he is good at it. Wrobbel has won nearly every teaching award SIUE has to offer.

“I believe in the teacher/scholar model for SIUE,” he said. “It is what makes SIUE’s education special for our students. I teach what I teach because I believe it is among the most supremely practical material any student can learn. It permeates everything, and yet it is often like the water to the fish. People don’t really give it any thought.

Jollibee Big Burger Steak: For those with Big Cravings!

For hardworking professionals who are always on the go and on the hunt for big adventures, Jollibee is giving them a treat that will surely satisfy their big appetites! The Big Burger Steak is now available in the market! Packed with so much flavor, the Big Burger Steak comes in a thick 1/3-pound Champ patty made with 100% pure beef, served with rice and its much raved about mushroom gravy.

The Jollibee Big Burger Steak can be enjoyed solo for only P89, and only P95 with a regular drink.

The heavyweight goodness of the new Jollibee Big Burger Steak is available in Jollibee stores nationwide.

 

Madonna posts lingerie photo on Instagram after deleting

Madonna has deleted a controversial photo that she posted in support of Margaret Thatcher on Instagram, before replacing it with a lingerie picture.

The superstar, who regularly uploads snaps of famous people she respects, originally captioned the image of the former Prime Minister with praise.

She wrote: “If you set out to be liked, you would be prepared to compromise on anything at any time, and you would achieve nothing.

“Thank you Margaret Thatcher! #unapologetic #rebel heart.”

After receiving a number of complaints from fans, the 56-year-old took the post down, without any explanation.

She then replaced it with a rather racy photo of herself in black and red lingerie, with red roses strewn around her.

Blake Lively Looked Like A Sexy Saloon Girl

Blake Lively had some excellent maternity style, but we missed her and her big hair and shiny ballgowns on the red carpet. Last night, however, she made her first major post-baby red carpet appearance at the premiere of The Age of Adaline in New York, and she is clearly making up for lost time with one of her most over-the-top red carpet looks ever.

Lively’s red Monique Lhuillier gown is sexy and glamorous and enormous. It is so much dress, it is basically the distilled essence of red carpet gown. If you stuffed all the dresses from last year’s Oscars, Met Gala, and Country Music Awards into a big machine and compressed them all together into one Supergown, I think this is the dress that would come out.

blake-lively-age-adaline-premiere-dress

The gown hits every big “Look At Me” trend of the past decade: Bright red color, lace over sheer illusion, tiers of crazy ruffles, a massive train, and even that odd leather harness around her waist and shoulders.

This dress is costumey, over-the-top, and looks a bit like a community theater saloon girl costume. It would be an overwhelming dress on 90 percent of Hollywood, but somehow Lively manages to pull it off. She’s tall, she’s poised, she’s gorgeous, and she’s very practiced at wearing very, very big gowns and looking comfortable in them. Somehow she wears the biggest gowns and always looks as comfortable as if she were in jeans.

 

Racy lingerie retailer Frederick’s of Hollywood closes all of its stores

Sexy lingerie brand Frederick’s of Hollywood has shut down all of its brick-and-mortar locations, now existing exclusively as an e-commerce brand after years of declining sales and struggling to keep up with Victoria’s Secret.

The Los Angeles-based company has switched to a web-only retail model following the closure of all of its 94 locations, with the brand now encouraging customers to shop online,The Los Angeles Times reported on Thursday.

‘We no longer have store locations,’ reads the brand’s website, which goes on to note that the online store offers the same selection of products.

New look: Frederick’s of Hollywood, which is known for its sexy lingerie (pictured), has closed all of its brick-and-mortar locations

Making it work: The retailer announced on it’s website that it ‘no longer’ has store locations while reminding customers that its ‘online store offers the same selection of products’

‘As a company, I think they became old and stale,’ Ron Friedman, a retail expert at consulting and accounting firm Marcum, told The Los Angeles Times. ‘Victoria’s Secret has been a home run compared to them.’

But Mr Friedman went on to say that Frederick’s of Hollywood Group Inc. can still be successful with careful corporate strategy.

‘They have to really focus and hire people that really understand the online business,’ he noted.

Founder Frederick Mellinger opened the pinup-inspired lingerie brand’s first store in Los Angeles in 1947 and went on to launch a mail order catalog in the 1960s, later adding sex toys and more risqué attire to the company’s offerings.

Mr Mellinger, who famously said ‘sex appeal is always in style’, died in 1990 at the age of 76.

A decade later in 2000, his namesake company, which once had pin-up icon Bettie Page modeling its lingerie, declared bankruptcy. After emerging from bankruptcy in 2003, the company went public in 2006.

 

The top of many a mushroom’s cap is beautiful

The top of many a mushroom’s cap is beautiful, but without photos of the other parts of the mushroom, you may never know what kind of mushroom it is. A good mushroom photograph should be carefully framed to show the entire mushroom (or mushrooms), rather than just the cap or just the upper half. If your objective is to get a pretty photo of a pretty mushroom, composition becomes a true art: deciding how much of the background to show, whether to center the mushroom or show it off to the side a bit, and other compositional considerations are where a really great pictorial photo is often born.

My strongly mycocentric tact isn’t very creative in this regard: I almost always have the mushroom right in the center of the photo, rarely allowing even the prettiest backgrounds much limelight. This is the most frequent criticism I hear about my “pretty mushroom” photos: many photographers feel strongly that the subject shouldn’t dominate the shot, and that it usually oughtn’t be centered. I plead guilty as charged, and frankly I have no intention of changing my style—but you may want to.

Racy lingerie retailer Frederick’s of Hollywood closes all of its stores

Sexy lingerie brand Frederick’s of Hollywood has shut down all of its brick-and-mortar locations, now existing exclusively as an e-commerce brand after years of declining sales and struggling to keep up with Victoria’s Secret.

The Los Angeles-based company has switched to a web-only retail model following the closure of all of its 94 locations, with the brand now encouraging customers to shop online,The Los Angeles Times reported on Thursday.

‘We no longer have store locations,’ reads the brand’s website, which goes on to note that the online store offers the same selection of products.

Making it work: The retailer announced on it’s website that it ‘no longer’ has store locations while reminding customers that its ‘online store offers the same selection of products’

‘As a company, I think they became old and stale,’ Ron Friedman, a retail expert at consulting and accounting firm Marcum, told The Los Angeles Times. ‘Victoria’s Secret has been a home run compared to them.’

But Mr Friedman went on to say that Frederick’s of Hollywood Group Inc. can still be successful with careful corporate strategy.

‘They have to really focus and hire people that really understand the online business,’ he noted.

Founder Frederick Mellinger opened the pinup-inspired lingerie brand’s first store in Los Angeles in 1947 and went on to launch a mail order catalog in the 1960s, later adding sex toys and more risqué attire to the company’s offerings.

Mr Mellinger, who famously said ‘sex appeal is always in style’, died in 1990 at the age of 76.

A decade later in 2000, his namesake company, which once had pin-up icon Bettie Page modeling its lingerie, declared bankruptcy. After emerging from bankruptcy in 2003, the company went public in 2006.

 

Combine spinach and radicchio in a large bowl

PREPARATION
Combine spinach and radicchio in a large bowl.
Heat 1 tablespoon oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add bacon and shallot and cook, stirring, until the bacon is crisp, 4 to 5 minutes. Add mushrooms, salt and pepper and cook, stirring, until the mushrooms are tender, 5 to 7 minutes. Remove from heat and stir in the remaining 1 tablespoon oil, vinegar and honey, scraping up any browned bits. Immediately pour the warm vinaigrette over the spinach mixture and toss to coat.

NUTRITION
Per serving: 137 calories; 9 g fat (1 g sat, 6 g mono); 3 mg cholesterol; 11 g carbohydrates; 1 g added sugars; 4 g total sugars; 5 g protein; 3 g fiber; 260 mg sodium; 618 mg potassium.

Nutrition Bonus: Vitamin A (117% daily value), Folate (35% dv), Vitamin C (33% dv), Potassium (18% dv), Magnesium (16% dv)

 

Lingerie retailer Frederick’s of Hollywood closes all of its stores

Anyone looking to buy racy women’s lingerie from Frederick’s of Hollywood will apparently have to do their shopping online after the struggling retailer shuttered its remaining brick-and-mortar stores.

That’s according to the company’s website, which features the following message on the site’s “store locator” page: “We no longer have store locations. Our online store offers the same selection of products.” The page directs visitors to Frederick’s online store and includes a limited-time offer for free shipping.

The company’s store closures were first reported by local media in Los Angeles, where Frederick’s is based. A company spokesman did not immediately respond toFortune‘s request for comment.

In February, Frederick’s said it planned to shut down 31 stores, which represented roughly one-third of its locations, by this month. Those closures were to include the company’s flagship store in Hollywood. The Wall Street Journal reported at the time that the company had hired liquidators the Great American Group to help wind down operations at those stores.

Now, it appears Frederick’s has decided to go for an online-only retail strategy as the company tries to avoid its second bankruptcy in less than two decades. The company has endured declining sales and mounting losses as it has struggled to compete with more popular lingerie brands such as Victoria’s Secret. Buyers led by the Harbinger Group took Frederick’s private in a 2013 deal that valued the company at about $11 million

650g Meadow Mushrooms white or Swiss brown button

SUPERSTAR Curry
Ingredients

500g general purpose potatoes
2 tablespoons vegetable or canola oil
650g Meadow Mushrooms white or Swiss brown button, halved
3 large low acid tomatoes (approx 400g), chopped
1 bunch spring onions, sliced
2 tbsp green curry paste
1 x 420 ml can coconut milk
Salt
Ground black pepper

Peel and dice the potatoes into 2 cm cubes. Parboil for 5-10 minutes, drain and set aside.

Heat 2 tablespoons oil in a large frying pan. Fry parboiled potatoes until brown. Add button mushrooms and chopped tomatoes and sauté for 2 minutes.

Add green curry paste and cook through for 1 minute.

Stir through coconut milk. Simmer for 5 minutes.

Season with salt and pepper to taste

Just before serving add the sliced spring onions and stir through.

Serve hot with rice or roti.